Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is a type of cancer that originates in the male testes, or testicles, which are part of the male reproductive system and responsible for producing sperm and hormones. These two organs typically are a little smaller than golf balls in adult males and are contained within a sac-like pouch called the scrotum, which hangs beneath the base of the penis. Considered the most common cancer in American males ages 15 to 34, this highly treatable and highly curable form of cancer also can occur in middle-aged and older men. Testicular cancer can occur in one or both testicles. Malignant or cancerous cells usually form in germ cells, which are the cells responsible for reproduction. An undescended testicle (common among infants born prematurely) can increase a man’s risk of developing testicular cancer, as can testicle abnormalities and a family history of this type of cancer.


The UAB Department of Urology specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the genitourinary tract, which includes both the urinary and reproductive systems. This multidisciplinary team of urologists, nurse practitioners, radiation and medical oncologists, and urology nurses and technicians work together to provide the most accurate diagnoses and effective treatment options available for male and female adult and pediatric patients. U.S. News & World Report consistently ranks UAB’s urology program among the top 50 of its kind in the nation, and it is widely recognized for delivering excellent genitourinary (GU) cancer care.

The physicians and surgeons who staff the UAB Department of Urology are subspecialists in their areas of expertise. Most faculty members have completed fellowships in addition to conventional urology training, including extensive training in GU cancer, kidney stone disease, male infertility, pediatric urology, and female urology. UAB Urology specialists are members of the American Board of Urology, the American Urological Association, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, the Society for the Study of Male Reproduction, the Society for Male Reproduction and Urology, the Society of Urologic Oncology, the Society of Female Urology and Urodynamics, and the American Medical Association, among others.

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UAB is an active participant in research and clinical trials for the diagnosis and treatment of testicular cancer . We encourage you to speak to your physician about research and clinical trial options and browse the link below for more information.

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